Many patients have a big problem after using the orthosis, and can't take it off! Excessive reliance on orthopedics leads to the loss of some functions and the reduction of joint mobility. It really makes therapists love and hate orthopedics
The application of orthosis is to help our patients correct abnormal posture
Orthopedic section commonly used in hemiplegia
Upper limb orthosis: keep the unstable limb in the functional position, provide traction to prevent contracture, prevent or correct limb deformity, compensate for lost muscle strength, and help the weak limb movement.
Lower limb orthosis: limit the abnormal range of motion of joint limbs, stabilize joints, reduce pain and restore weighing function
Knee ankle orthosis
Orthopedic foot pad
Service conditions of orthosis
1. Limb weakness during soft paralysis
Prevent the formation of abnormal patterns
2. Correction of joint deformity
3. Suppression of spasms during spasms
Inhibit the muscle spasm of the patient during walking or standing
4. Compensatory function
Replace the function lost by the limb
Introduction to clinical orthosis
1. Sports ankle and foot orthosis
Classification: fixed ankle and foot orthosis
Ground reflex ankle and foot orthosis
Rear elastic ankle and foot orthosis
Hinged ankle and foot orthosis
Role: play a role of helping and correcting during activities
2. Protective ankle and foot brace
It is mainly used in patients with soft paralysis to protect and prevent abnormal patterns
Orthopedic foot pad
Use the biomechanical principle of the lower limb to improve the abnormality of the patient's foot arch or ankle.
Targeted assessment of patients is carried out by measuring ankle joint position, hip joint activity, evaluation of forefoot and leg length
Train the fingers to separate and extend, keep the fingers in the correct position, and prevent contracture.
The wearing time should not be too long. Relax at the right time. Do not wear it during sleeping to prevent blood flow from being blocked.
Side effects and prevention of orthosis
1. Muscle atrophy and muscle weakness
Prevention: active muscle contraction and stretching exercise with early orthosis fixation
2. Reduced joint range of motion
Prevention: During the process of wearing the brace, carry out a certain amount of passive movement to maximize the range of motion of the joint
3. Pressure sore in patients with soft paralysis
Prevention: loosen the orthosis regularly to avoid wearing it for a long time; Avoid orthopedic compression on bone processes and joints
4. The emergence of dependency
Prevention: timely publicize and educate patients and their families, emphasizing that wearing is only temporary and ultimately depends on their own strength.