Orthosis is a kind of external appliance that is used to correct the deformity of limbs and trunk or bone joint disease, neuromuscular atrophy or disease, and is installed outside the human body to improve the human nerve, muscle or bone structure and compensate its function. The purpose is to replace the missing muscles, prevent and correct deformities, make up for insufficient muscle strength, protect the painful parts, and fix the muscles before and after the operation, so as to promote functional recovery. The ones used for the trunk and limbs were called supports, and the ones used for the limbs were called splints. Orthosis is effective, reliable, durable, safe to use, easy to adjust and easy to accept by patients. Orthodontics are not only used for functional compensation, but also for treatment. Modern rehabilitation medicine has regarded orthosis technology as four major hemiplegic rehabilitation technologies as important as physical therapy, occupational therapy and language therapy.
1、 Basic function of orthosis
1. Stable support
It can stabilize joints, relieve pain and improve load-bearing function by limiting abnormal activities or abnormal range of activities. For example, the orthosis for neuromuscular paralysis of the lower extremity can help stabilize the joint.
2. Fixation and protection
Fix the diseased limb or trunk to promote the recovery of the disease.
3. Prevention or correction of deformity
Through the resistance of the orthosis, the deformity of bone and joint caused by abnormal bone development or external force can be corrected.
4. Reduce load bearing
The weight of the long axis of the limb or trunk bone and joint is shared by the orthosis. For example, hemiplegic patients are used to share the weight of the affected leg on the healthy side.
5. Compensation function
Power orthosis can compensate weak muscles and promote limb movement through power device. Such as electric wheelchair
To compensate for the driving of wheelchair due to insufficient muscle strength of upper limbs.
6. Enhance self-confidence
Orthosis corrects deformities and improves various activities of daily life of patients, thus reducing the psychological burden of patients and promoting
Go into rehabilitation to promote and restore patients' self-confidence.
7. Treatment for hemiplegic patients
The use of lower limb orthosis in the early rehabilitation of hemiplegic patients can be used to prevent the occurrence of disuse and misuse syndrome, and promote the early rehabilitation of motor function and activities of daily living.